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Title Census of Tonawanda Band
Archival Reference Mss.497.3.P223
Sub-collection Ely Samuel Parker Papers  
Author Parker, Ely Samuel (Hasanoanda) (1828-1895)  
Date c. Nov 1857
Document Type Government document
Contents Census of the Tonawanda Band by heads of families.
Sub-collection Information A Sachem and Civil War adjutant to Ulysses Grant, Ely Samuel Parker was an important figure in the Seneca Indian nation during the first half of the nineteenth century. Trained as an engineer, Parker was deeply involved in the Senecas' land disputes with the Ogden Land Company and he played an important role in interpreting Seneca culture for a white audience, most notably as a consultant for Lewis Henry Morgan.

Collected by Arthur C. Parker, the Ely Samuel Parker Papers include correspondence, manuscripts, and printed materials relating primarily to Seneca affairs, history, language, and culture, as well as politics, education, engineering, and the Civil War. Among Parker's correspondents were Henry Clay, Millard Fillmore, Henry M. Flagler, Lewis Henry Morgan, Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, Daniel Webster, and Asher Wright. Several letters relate to Parker's service as engineer of public buildings in Galena, Illinois, and to his Masonic activities. Among the noteworthy items in the collection are several essays on Seneca history and culture, a fragment of Parker's diary, 1847, and a significant quantity of material on the Seneca language assembled by Asher Wright.
Region American East  
Subjects Indigenous Peoples  American Indians  Seneca People  Iroquois Indians [Haudenosaunee]  Government and Politics  
Places Tonawanda Reservation; New York
People Parker, Ely Samuel (Hasanoanda) (1828-1895)  
Themes Indigenous Peoples
Library American Philosophical Society  
Copyright American Philosophical Society